The City of Buenos Aires is home to several skyscrapers. The tallest of the skyscrapers is the Torre Espacial, an observation tower that is in a park inland in Buenos Aires City. According to the City of Buenos Aires’s website, the tower stands at 208 meters high (682 feet) and was opened to the public in July 9, 1985. The structure can hold up to 1,000 visitors over three different levels. The highest level the public can see from is 180 meters, or 591 feet, high and is the equivalent to about 75 floors above the ground. The tower stands in a park far from any other towers so it offers a great view of the city with Puerto Madero and the cluster of skyscrapers far in the distance along the shoreline. On clear days you can see up to 80 kilometers (50 miles) and you can even see the coast of Uruguay in the distance.
Many of the skyscrapers in the city of Buenos Aires are located along the coastline of the city. The map at the top of the page shows the location of skyscrapers that are taller than 400 feet. There are 22 skyscrapers on the map with a majority of them located in a cluster in Puerto Madero and along the highway that cuts through the center of the historic city. The map shows the different uses of each skyscraper as colors with orange depicting the only observation tower, blue depicting residential uses, and red signifying commercial uses. Something that becomes apparent after viewing the map is the dominance of residential uses for this tallest group of towers. This shows there is a strong desire and healthy market for tall residences. These residences are typically located in Evil Paradises, such as Puerto Madero, that restrict access to much of the population and are extreme zones of exclusivity. The data for both the map at the top of the page and the table at the bottom of the page was taken from Emporis, a website that provides information on skyscrapers.
Skyscrapers are the perfect match for Evil Paradises because they are inherently exclusive in their design. Karina Landman in “Gated Communities in Brazil and South Africa: Comparative Perspectives” describes two types of gated communities, horizontal and vertical. Horizontal gated communities are the typical type of gated community commonly found in the United States while vertical gated communities consist of guarded residential towers. These buildings are protected by a variety of security features on the ground floor of the building that allow only invited guests to enter the building. Doormen, intercom systems, controlled access points, and other techniques are implemented to ensure residents are kept safe. Landman also notes these vertical gated communities are often found in wealthy urban areas where prestige and exclusivity are sought after. Residential towers also often provide residents with many different amenities that are available only them, further excluding residents from the surrounding community. The features of exclusion found in residential skyscrapers mimic the exclusionary techniques utilized in the traditional horizontal gated community.